Finding the Balance

Posted in Feature on March 9, 2006

By Mike Flores

Michael Flores is the author of Deckade and The Official Miser's Guide; the designer of numerous State, Regional, Grand Prix, National, and Pro Tour–winning decks; and the onetime editor-in-chief of The Magic Dojo. He'd claim allegiance to Dimir (if such a Guild existed)… but instead will just shrug "Simic."

Some years ago, Constructed Magic tournaments were dominated by combination decks. The Urza's Block untap mechanic made Tolarian Academy decks about twice as good as every other available option, with most games going fewer than three turns and first turn kills commonplace. A sweeping set of card bannings just shifted the best deck from Academy to a different Time Spiral deck, High Tide; what was almost worse about this was that Force of Will, the fastest and most consistent permission spell of all time, was best employed not in a control deck to stop a combo deck's setup, but in a combo deck, to force its key cards through for the win. Force of Will continued to aid "the enemy" when Trix became possibly the most feared deck in the history of Magic; never before had Necropotence successfully joined forces with Force of Will and a 40 point life cushion to utterly dominate a Constructed format. One color and one step worse than High Tide, Trix stole possibly the greatest anti-combination card of all time -- Duress -- and added that to an already overpowered team.

Many players succeeded on the amateur, Grand Prix, and even Pro Tour levels with these combo decks, but many more hated them and hated playing against them. Eventually an anti-combination backlash erupted across the Magic Internet, which, while perfectly reasonable on its face, snowballed past reasonable focus and any semblance of good sense. True, the best combination decks were drastically overpowered... but at least up until Trix, they were potentially beatable. Many players failed to recognize that, or that card combinations have (and had) some place in the competitive Magic landscape. The correct goal should not have been -- nor ever be -- a world without combination decks, but one where beatdown, combination, and control are all represented and viable in a format.

Beatdown, combination, and control? PT Honolulu proved the format one better.

Mark Herberholz – Gruul Beats

Download Arena Decklist

Craig Jones - Zoo

Download Arena Decklist

Tiago Chan – Owling Mine

Download Arena Decklist

Olivier Ruel – Hand in Hand

Download Arena Decklist

Osyp Lebedowicz – Izzetron

Download Arena Decklist

Maximilian Bracht - Heartbeat

Download Arena Decklist

Ruud Warmenhoven – Orzhov Aggro

Download Arena Decklist

Antoine Ruel – Owling Mine

Download Arena Decklist


This style of deck was not just viable, but the most successful at the tournament. Doing the Gruul proud, both of the finalists' decks were among the most aggressive in the format. Mark's deck was a pure beatdown deck, all sharp edges with no elegant sweeps or arcs. Though he didn't play the beach house deck, Mark drew on their knowledge... He removed his slow Rumbling Slums from the main in favor of Giant Solifuge because of Faith's Fetters. Sick of losing to Loxodon Hierarchs, Heezy played main deck Flames of the Blood Hand and Frenzied Goblin to get past the life gain... as well as that whole "giant blocker" thing. Craig's deck, first out of the Swiss before finishing second in the tournament, played more tricks than the Norse god Loki. Beyond bending his mana base to accommodate creatures like Watchwolf and Kami of Ancient Law, the white addition gave Jones the miraculous Bathe in Light. Part Falter, part Counterspell, and totally unexpected, Bathe in Light was one of the most unusual and effective instants to be played in the finals or anywhere in the tournament.

More than the g-r(-w) finalists, the two b-w decks in the Top 8 were also pronounced aggressors. Honolulu's b-w contingent was the largest and most diverse of the Guild colors, with adopters stretching from aggressive one-drops to the slowest of glacial control decks (many b-w players topped off on seven mana Debtors' Knell or Angel of Despair). Ruud and Olivier, though, played decks with early curve attackers and Umezawa's Jittes. Certainly both men sought to control the game to some degree with disruptive or permanents-hostile elements, but their core strategies featured Savannah Lions or Hand of Cruelty sideways in the Red Zone.


The most surprising archetype to make Top 8 was Maximilian Bracht's Heartbeat of Spring combo. Bracht's deck lacks the critical mass of four mana card drawing spells that allowed Star War Kid's Extended Heartbeat to manhandle control so easily; it focuses instead on card selection and a surprisingly robust permission suite. Bracht has probably the most extensive -- and versatile -- transmute deck we have ever seen at a high level. His Drift of Phantasms can select either of Bracht's primary combination elements, Early Harvest or Heartbeat of Spring, or either of his kill cards, Invoke the Firemind or Maga, Traitor to Mortals. What is even more interesting is Maximilian's Muddle the Mixture suite. The most exciting thing he can find main deck is Weird Harvest, which in turn finds him four Demonic Tutors (Drift of Phantasms) and a kill card. After boards, Muddle becomes Pyroclasm, the deceptively dominating Savage Twister, or a lone (and perfectly positioned) Umezawa's Jitte. Incidentally, Bracht's Muddles were also effective at leveraging his mana advantage to protect a combo kill from permission decks.

If Osyp didn't play the best sideboard in the Honolulu Top 8, then Bracht did. His transformation into a beatdown deck gave Bracht considerable game against decks with relevant sideboards, Cranial Extraction, or no coherent Game Two plan. An effective surprise in most matches, Bracht's sideboard plan flabbergasted Olivier Ruel in the round of eight, and was perhaps even more confusing to an opponent who knew what could be coming. Which deck is he going to play this game?


Even if it didn't dominate the Top 8, Control was out in force at PT Honolulu. For example, most of "the beach house" played a long game control deck that won with Vitu-Ghazi, the City-Tree subsequent to an attrition war. The Control deck in the Top 8, though, was Osyp Lebedowicz's URzatron deck. Urzatron (or Izzetron, or whatever else you call it) as a base strategy is nothing new, but Osyp's deck took what was previously good about 'Tron decks, while at the same time shoring up the archetype's potential weaknesses. Particularly innovative is the inclusion of Remand among the many "draw a card" class of spells. An archetype chosen for its card power rather than any perceived good matchups, Osyp's deck doesn't really care about controlling the deck over any long period of time... His Mana Leaks and Remands are just there to buy time. Using cards like Electrolyze that can help control the tempo of the game, Osyp just wants to hit his land drops (hopefully into the 'Tron) so that he can tap out for Keiga the Tide Star.

"It's not likely that whatever he is doing on his turn is better than Keiga or Meloku."

Generally speaking, the weakest element of the old Hattori-Hanzo 'Tron decks was their mana. The Worlds deck ran 12 Urza's pieces but three colors regardless. Beatdown decks used to joke that they wouldn't play Blood Moon to screw the UrzaTron for fear of giving the opponent Pyroclasm mana. By limiting the URzatron deck to two colors, Osyp's deck was made much more consistent. Its only strategic loss was sideboard Cranial Extractions, which would have been significantly inferior to Annex and Giant Solifuge anyway. Annex was a key addition to the archetype for use against Gifts Ungiven and other 'Tron builds, while Solifuge played many roles at once. As the deck has only two primary win conditions main, there was a perceived need for a third class of fat finisher (initially it was Mahamoti Djinn, but became the Falling Star) to dodge multiple resolved Cranial Extractions. Solifuge, in addition to diversifying the deck's threats against Extractions, was unbelievably strategic. Most controllish decks would remove their Pyroclasms against URzatron and would be hard pressed to deal with a 4/1 untouchable haste creature, especially out of a deck with eight time-controlling permission spells.

If there is a flaw in this type of control strategy, it may be against Kird Ape and his friends. Osyp only played two Pyroclasms main (instead of the three or four normally run in this type of a deck) because it is so much weaker against Kird Ape, Watchwolf, and Burning-Tree Shaman than it would have been against the smaller White creatures you would expect out of a beatdown deck a few months ago. Some u-r control decks opted for Volcanic Hammer, which generates no card advantage but can buy a few life points.

Turbo Stasis

Ebony Owl Netsuke
Beyond the generally accepted triangle points of beatdown, combination, and control, PT Honolulu pulled a page out of ancient history. At US Nationals 1996, in the middle of the Necro Summer, a group of players brought a rogue Howling Mine deck to the show and took 50% of the spots available on the US National Team. Turbo Stasis was a metagame deck; its Howling Mines raced and defied the card Necropotence and its namesake enchantment was notoriously difficult for Necro to remove from play. Vulnerable to White decks that packed a lot of Disenchants, Turbo Stasis was an ideal and unexpected choice to do well in a single tournament.

Embracing that philosophy of old, Tiago Chan and Antoine Ruel came to Honolulu with different looks at Owling Mine. A deck with literally no chance against beatdown decks in the main, Owling Mine is equally as strong against controlling decks. Howling Mine erases the advantages generated by the popular Orzhov discard decks and makes dedicated card drawing like the five mana Tidings look a bit silly. With the right matchups, Owling Mine can be the most dominating deck in the format... but meet up with a member of the Gruul clans and the same cannot be said. Antoine and Tiago won a total of one game between them in their matches against Craig and Heezy.

Despite joining the same Guild as URzatron, Owling Mine takes the opposite look at the metagame. Rather than saying "I have a powerful deck; as long as I survive the early game, I am going to outclass whatever other players try to do," Owling Mine takes specific aim at the projected environment. It expects certain decks to show up and continue to do well, and relies on those metagame predictions in order to do well. Of the various types of decks that you can adopt coming out of this Pro Tour, Owling Mine's continued viability seems the least clear, especially considering which decks ended up fighting for the title.

All in all, Guildpact Standard seems not only the most diverse, but most balanced in some time. All five colors made the Top 8, with more than four radically different strategies employed by the various players to advance.

Bonus Section: My Ballot

The criteria for this ballot is talent + personality (or talent * personality), however you want to gauge it.

#5 Mark Herberholz

The talent you know about. I cast my votes prior to the PT past, but if there was ever any doubt about Heezy's ability, I figure there never will be again. As for personality, I can give you the transcripts to any number of conversations I've had with Mark over the past four years since Pat Chapin introduced him to me at a celebratory Denny's dinner at Grand Prix Milwaukee, but, sadly, not a single one is fit for print on even a rated PG-13 website. He can't say "I lost last round" without insulting good taste, let alone describe last week's date night... You'll just have to take my word for it that the human spring that appeared on The Price is Right is a pale specter of the bigger than life engine that drives his personality.

#4 Antonino De Rosa

The reigning US National Champion and a multiple Grand Prix Champion, Ant is a player of phenomenal ability. Credited as the guy who "invented" Deep Analysis for Odyssey Block, he is also one of the world's foremost strategists. As for personality... He's the only guy with two flags on his Pro Player Card, because, franky, a single country can't contain the force of nature that is De Rosa. I would have rated him higher except I am assuming that Ant will crush all opposition in the North American ballot and that he frankly doesn't need my vote.

#3 Tsuyoshi Fujita

Possibly the world's finest deck designer, Tsuyoshi is in the rare position of master strategist who focuses on beatdown decks. I admire Tsuyoshi's game more than maybe any other player on Tour, and it is no surprise that he took the Players Ballot. Tsuyoshi's "fun" decks make Top 8 of the Pro Tour (LA) and his brutal decks change the speed of even the Extended format (Sneak Attack).

#2 Osyp Lebedowicz

My great fear after being voted into the Invitational myself is the donut, the bagel, the zero. After perusing the nominees for possible Invitational opponents, my conclusion was that Osyp was the only player on the ballot I had a reasonable expectation of beating. I mean, Craig owned me in side drafts before he acquired a single Pro Tour point and you know that Small Child (tm) who destroys you in every local Standard tournament? For me that Small Child (tm) was Timothy Aten. Self preservation almost demanded that I give Osyp a high vote.

And then he went and finished Top 8.


Is it possible that Peppermint Von Joe Black Lebowitz has put the wheels back on the wagon? I can only hope his Honolulu performance was in fact merely one of the elaborately constructed lies he has perpetrated on the Magic community for the past five odd years. Oh well, there's always manascrew.

#1 Jeff Cunningham

People call the Invitational the All-Star Game of Magic: The Gathering, but at least as far as this Writers Vote goes, I am thinking of it more like the Pro Bowl. The NBA All-Star Game is a popular vote among nominees for each position, but one third of the Pro Bowl is elected for the end of the season by the NFL players themselves. You rattle a guy with a big tackle? You break his arm on the way down or take the feeling out of his left incisor? If his concussion has worn off by the time he has that ballot in his shattered fingers, you might reasonably expect him to vote for you... even if you never made another good move the rest of the year.

I still haven't gotten over the last time Jeff Cunningham hit me, and I think it was five months ago.

People constantly ask me why good players play my decks. The importance of changes I make to existing archetypes is sometimes hard to see, and I am famously poor at actually executing. Yet some of Magic's best players still enjoy working with me. Why? The answer is that I never lose in playtesting.

... Except to Jeff Cunningham.

Jeff gets my Pro Bowl vote. In LA testing I could never take a game off of ffej. I am fairly sure he won nine games out of ten games we played, regardless of matchup. I would play Psychatog against his decks with seven or even nine mana cards and lose. I had at least two games in an online mock tournament where I played first turn Dwarven Blastminer against ffej's Tooth and Nail... and got my butt handed to me.

From the first time I met Jeff, at his first grown up Pro Tour where I played a Hunted Wumpus into his Tradewind Rider... and then played it again into his Verdant Force, then tried one last time with the little Wumpus that could, giving ffej a Spirit of the Night, to the last session when Josh Ravitz called me up to tell me to Apprentice Jeff at a certain IP Address for no other reason than that I could go to bed weeping in the fetal position, Jeff Cunningham has had my number. As such, he is my Number One.

As for personality, Jeff also wrote the best three Magic articles of the year 2005... and he only wrote three.

Latest Feature Articles


November 15, 2021

Innistrad: Double Feature Product Overview by, Wizards of the Coast

More monsters! More horror! More drafts! More of everything you love about Innistrad arrives January 28, 2022, with Innistrad: Double Feature. Available at your local WPN game store,...

Learn More


November 12, 2021

The Legends of Innistrad: Crimson Vow by, Doug Beyer, Ari Zirulnik, and Grace Fong

We managed to get ahold of the guest list for Innistrad: Crimson Vow, and it's looking kind of wild! We've got faces old and new, fanged and un-fanged, human and . . . uh . . . slime mons...

Learn More



Feature Archive

Consult the archives for more articles!

See All