With all of that in mind, I'm using this last column to explore a bit of how one goes about looking at a card and deciding when it deserves to be focused on, whether it can sneak in for a nice supporting role, and how to go about making it go as far as it can.
Zvi has always talked about how he prefers to not fight fair. If you're going to play a deck in a game that is all about breaking the rules of the game, you want to break them as much as possible if you plan on winning. Now, I'm not talking about underhanded shadiness, I'm talking about doing things that are simply unfair in terms of power level. Take this deck, a classic, from Jamie Wakefield:
He wrote one of the best tournament reports of all time about it. What does it do to not fight fairly? It spends and changes a random little green creature into a Verdant Force. Tooth and Nail does something very similar, exchanging a lot of mana for a pair of creatures being put directly into play. Umezawa's Jitte can change the entire dynamic of attacking and blocking. Sensei's Divining Top changes the quality of the cards that you draw.
Not everything is powerful all by itself. Not everything is an Ancestral Recall. Sometimes you have to massage the card a little bit to make it work.
Making it work
There are a ton of things that can hold back an effect. Let's hit them.
They all have their strengths and weaknesses. A deck that might want creatures for some other purpose (like a Cabal Therapy or a Nantuko Husk) is going to prefer the Birds and Elves approach. A deck punishing land-drops with Zo-Zu the Punisher is not going to be all that excited about running Sakura-Tribe Elder or exploiting Exploration. Decks that plan on destroying mass amounts of land with Armageddon don't tend to like stripping land from their deck, but decks that take out a more limited number of lands on all sides (say if they are using Wildfire) might not mind it so much. Plan on running many creature sweeping spells, and you might not be so excited about using creatures.
The key for your deck running the expensive spell is to try to figure out what else your deck is going to be doing other than casting the expensive spell, and then fit your mana to it.
Engines and Fuel: There are going to be cards that need to be fed something. It can be cards, mana, land, or whatever else you might have lying around as a resource. Big effects come at a cost of some sort, and a lot of these costs are the same.
Take the cost of extra cards being used up. Immediately, if you are discarding cards, there are recursion effects to look at. Perhaps you can feed a Shard Phoenix or a Squee to a discard effect. Maybe that Artificer's Intuition could use a Myr Servitor or four. If you have an effect that could be sending your cards to your graveyard, you should check to see whether or not you can get those cards back. Groundskeeper, Exile Into Darkness, Hammer of Bogardan, and Eternal Dragon are just a few of the things you can use that will just keep being able to come back for later.
Other times, you'll want to think about simply creating an abundance of fuel for something to feed on. Necropotence generally fed on life, and with a couple of “Suicide” exceptions, most Necropotence players built their decks with gaining life in mind. Obviously, an Atog (or his big brother Megatog) exists better in a world with more artifacts, just as a Deranged Hermit is a great thing to put out there if you have a hungry Lord of the Pit to feed. That Artificer's Intuition is going to need an abundance of artifacts in your deck just to make sure that that recursion you want to build with the Servitors is easy to come up with. Whatever the case, keep an eye out for ways to shore up those extra needs beyond just the casting cost.
Take Nether Void. Generally speaking, you don't want to just drop this card onto the table at any time. You want to fight like Zvi wants to fight: unfair. Your opponent should be cringing when you cast your Single Card. To make a Nether Void unfair, you want to have the edge on the table before you plop it down. The rest of your deck should reflect that and try to make that lucky situation all that more likely.
One of the things that many players love to see is combinations of cards creating wildly spectacular effects. Sometimes if they are too good, we get a little sick of seeing them. Most players I know were desperately tired of “Balance/Zuran Orb” back in the day, and there will be plenty of other lesser effects that might be good enough to be so staple in tournaments that players playing For Fun would see it as bland and overused. What most of these people want is to be the one showing the flash.
To create splashy effects in conjunction, it is similar to the approach used in thinking about Nether Void. With Nether Void, you'd be looking for cards that would help you create an imbalanced situation (if only for a moment) to drop the Nether Void into for great effect. With other cards, what you want to do is keep your eyes open for some key phrases.
“Instead”: This one is a doozy. Here, a Magic card is breaking the rules by telling you you shouldn't bother doing things the way you normally would, but instead replace it with another thing. This is a great way to escape potential costs. Take the classic combination of Sylvan Library/Abundance.
With either one you had a decent library manipulator, but combined, Abundance's “Instead” clause means that you didn't “draw” any cards that Sylvan would require you to put back. There are only 255 cards that have “Instead” on them right now, but don't worry, they'll make more.
“Put into play”: This is a Cheatyface ability if I ever heard one. Nearly every put into play ability basically boils down to doing one of two things: cheating on putting land into play (very powerful) or cheating on the casting cost of a permanent. Either way, you can often find ways to exploit this one.
“Additional”: Usually this implies an additional cost. Here, we are thinking a bit in reverse of the previous two reasons. The logic goes like this: if they wanted it to cost more, maybe we can get a bargain on that “additional” cost. Losing things that we want to lose, losing things that will come back, or anything else that makes this additional cost unimportant can sometimes cause much more powerful effects. Take Diabolic Edict on an Academy Rector for one simple example.
“Untap”: This is a dangerous, dangerous phrase. If something is letting you untap something, it might just be too good, at some point. No one was all that scared of the lowly Twiddle, and then one day it started untapping Tolarian Academy or Gilded Lotus. Some things are only meant to be done once in a turn, and if you are doing them more than once, it can be scary.
Any of the major triggers (“if”, “when”, “whenever”) are also worth noting, but they are so numerous that they can almost be overwhelming to attempt to notice them all. When you are looking at cards and card lists, take an extra moment to check these out, if only to make note of them just in case. Those extra moments might just give you a “Eureka!” moment later on when you make a spontaneous connection between two cards.
The Frying Pan and the Fire
Take the card Icy Manipulator. A single Icy Manipulator can take out a creature, encouraging the opponent to play more creatures. When you hit them with a Wrath of God, it is easy to expect to get a two-for-one or better. Your Wrath anticipates their need to extend to overcome an Icy, and whatever they decide, they will be hurt for it.
My own personal favorite from my history was with my Jungle Book deck way back in the day. I would drop Mana Flare. My opponent could either use all of that mana or hold back and not play as much. If I followed up the next turn with Jokulhaups they would be angry for playing out their spells. If I just continued to develop with the mana instead, they would be mad for not playing out their spells.
The lesson: if you know a card could create a certain kind of behavior in your opponent, look for ways to exploit that behavior.
Sometimes things are simply decided by the environment you are in. No matter what you are playing in, you have to respect the environment. If you play in a tournament area, you can expect most of the players to be playing the latest and greatest off of the net. If you play in a casual playgroup, you come to learn that player #1 over there doesn't particularly like politicking, and that player #2 has a penchant for mono-colored decks. No matter what you might want to play, you have to realize when the deck you'd like simply can't survive there.
This can be as simple as a room full of life gain players. If you walk into a group game with a burn deck, aside from the challenge of burning out multiple people without using so much sweep you piss everyone off and they kill you, you don't also want to be dealing with a player that uses Honorable Passage and a ton of other anti-burn spells in his regular playing deck. If your deck dies to White Weenie, don't play it in White Weenie heavy environments (like Indiana is reputable for).
As great as a lot of cards and combos are, they simply can't survive in a world where they have to face a lot of incidental hate. You can do your best to minimize this problem by playing decks that are far less reliant on a single card, but then, aren't we getting away a bit from the whole idea of a Single Card Strategy?
A final Wrap Up…
First of all, I want to thank Scott for giving me this column in the first place. It's my third time working with Scott, and I very much appreciated the opportunity. Secondly, I want to thank a lot of the folks here in Madison and elsewhere that have given me plenty of small stories to share in this column, and have given me feedback on ideas. Some of the best stuff comes when you bounce it off of people, and I know that my many conversations with people like Brian Kowal, Ben Dempsey, and the inimitable “Box” Klein have made writing this column all the more fun.
And, of course, I can't mention everyone, but I'd like to thank everyone that participated in the Challenges that I've held for the last year and a half. People like Christian Möeller-Holst and krizc really left quite an impression, but there were many others who submitted decklists for literally every challenge. For them and the other hundreds of submissions to each of the Challenges, thank you.
I wish everyone heading off to GenCon a fantastic time. Be sure to check out everything going on, but I'd like to give a little shout out to everyone playing at 5-color's World Championship there. I wish I could attend (playing with 250+ card decks is the most common way for me to play casually), but I'm hoping that someone from Madison will take home the crown yet again. But heck, it's an open event, any one of you could take it down if you have it in you too.
Have a great one. It's been fun.