Altering the Environment

Posted in Latest Developments on January 18, 2002

By Randy Buehler

One of the things a Magic development team does when working on a set is to try to figure out the impact of the set on Constructed tournaments. For years now, one of R&D’s missions has been to get people to play multi-color decks. Well, the Invasion-block finally accomplished that. Big time. Then with Odyssey we felt the rotation out of Rishadan Port plus the introduction of another cycle of decent dual-lands (the Sungrass Prairie) would make Standard even more multi-colored than it had been with Mercadian Masques plus Invasion.

A typical R&D scene: Buehler battles Barclay in a Future Future match.

We in R&D also like Magic to stay fresh and we like Magic environments to constantly change, so it probably comes as no surprise that with Torment the pendulum is starting to swing back in the other direction. For the first time since I started working at Wizards, we actively decided to encourage a mono-color deck. In addition to our desire to keep things changing, we also knew that we had pushed multi-color black decks pretty aggressively in Apocalypse. We knew Spiritmonger and Pernicious Deed would make green-black pretty good and one of our own best test decks was a black/white Phyrexian Arena deck with Vindicate, Death Grasp, Gerrard's Verdict, etc. Black/blue (especially Shadowmage Infiltrator) isn’t half bad either.

Anyway, we were sitting around trying to figure out how to print a set with a bunch of really good black cards without making the existing black decks (especially black/white) too much better and that’s when it occurred to us: we could print cards that are good in mono-black but not good in black/X. Black already has cards that reward you for having lots and lots of swamps in play, like Nightmare, Looming Shade, and especially Corrupt (all in 7th Edition). Multi-color black decks don’t tend to have that many swamps so we figured if we made more cards like that, we might be able to introduce a whole new archetype to Standard. That way we could print a bunch of new and powerful cards without messing up the competitive balance too much.

We then looked at black’s two biggest themes -- discard and creature removal -- and realized each allowed for a nice simple spell that could trigger off the number of swamps you had in play. Thus were born Mind Sludge and Mutilate. It’s a bit unusual for a development team to think up brand new cards because that’s normally what design teams are supposed to do. However, since it’s the development team’s responsibility to think about how a set is going to impact Constructed, especially Standard, it often happens that a development team will be forced to improvise when the design doesn’t have the sorts of cards that development thinks will be good for the environment. That’s exactly what happened in this case.

When the Torment team studied the environment it was inheriting from the previous four sets, there was one unmistakable fact: blue was king. The Invasion block has lots of good cards in it, but we suspected that blue got more than its fair share. This isn’t all that surprising if you think about it -- the natural foil to blue has always been weenie decks. But it’s hard to build a really good weenie deck if your best cards require two different colors of mana. There are inherent problems with building a consistent mana-base and that’s why the best weenie decks, historically, have always been mono-color. Without aggressive weenie decks running around to keep it in check, is it any surprise that blue prospered? It’s possible that we shouldn’t have printed Fact or Fiction in the gold set, but we didn’t figure all this out until Apocalypse (which is why we pushed green-black and black-white much more than the enemy color combinations that include blue). Certainly by the time we were working on the Odyssey block it was way too late to change anything. The Torment team thought through all this logic and decided we wanted to add a couple good weenies to the environment. We certainly didn’t want to return to the days of Tempest when Jackal Pups roamed the earth and all decks were of the mono-color weenie variety, but a few carefully thought-out weenies seemed called for. In particular, we were ideally interested in weenies that would be good against control decks, without being all that exciting against colors other than blue.

Enter Basking Rootwalla and Nantuko Shade. Each creature comes down fast, usually before an opponent can get up Counterspell mana, and if your opponent doesn’t react, you can just keeping pumping mana into them until your opponent is dead.

The Shade, of course, also fit in perfectly with our mono-black idea. It’s the third card the development team added to Torment and is, without a doubt, the best shade ever. We took Frozen Shade (a card that was been in the base from Alpha through Sixth Edition) and added two power to its base stats. Then we cut a mana from its mana cost. It’s to play now, but any deck that wants to run shades can probably come up with that initial cost without any problems. Basically, we knew that Frozen Shade (and variants like Hoar Shade, Whispering Shade, etc.) weren’t good enough for Constructed, but we thought it would be cool to have a shade in Constructed (for the two reasons I’ve explained), and voila.

Only time will tell what the true impact of Torment will be. That said, I think it’s safe to conclude one thing already: Black is back. Deal with it.

Randy may be reached at

Latest Latest Developments Articles


June 9, 2017

Changes by, Sam Stoddard

Hello and welcome to another edition of Latest Developments! Today I'm going to talk about several kinds of changes within R&D and how we deal with those. Card Changes From the day ...

Learn More

Latest Developments

June 2, 2017

Things I've Learned by, Sam Stoddard

Hello, and welcome to another edition of Latest Developments! This week is the five-year anniversary of me joining Wizards of the Coast as a contractor on the development team. My officia...

Learn More



Latest Developments Archive

Consult the archives for more articles!

See All