Fat: A Retrospective

Posted in Latest Developments on March 30, 2007

By Aaron Forsythe

Fatty Week has been fascinating from my perspective, as a number of other articles have already laid the groundwork for what I want to talk about. Mark's psychographic piece was excellent – I really like which creatures he chose for each player type – but it isn't one of the relevant ones. No, instead may I direct you to the works of Mr. Mike Flores and Mr. The Ferrett. Both made lists, both talked about the playability of "fat" creatures in specific formats. Then, as a saucy bonus, The Ferrett threw in a database query that shows the most-played big creatures across all tournament formats.

If you merely glance at the charts, subheads, card images, and decklists presented in those articles (and in Mark's too, for that matter), you'll see some recurring trends: Lots of Onslaught-block cards. Lots of Kamigawa-block cards. Lots of Mirrodin-block cards. A decent number of Time Spiral, Ravnica, and Invasion cards.

Fatties have gotten better over the years – way better. And I don't want to be accused of "power creep" here, but rather of "power correction." Big creatures have been weaker historically than their smaller counterparts, and also weaker than cheap spells. I have said this before, but if you understand how power in Magic works, then you realize just how much better Counterspell, Swords to Plowshares, and Demonic Tutor are than Personal Incarnation, Mahamoti Djinn, and Force of Nature.

In the game's earliest days, big creatures faced a fork in the road and headed, sadly, down the wrong path. We've been trying to compensate for that decision for many years now. Here's my take on it...

Alpha Bits

Richard Garfield, in all his infinite wisdom, came up with two distinct varieties of "fatty" in the very first card set the game ever had (I'll stick with Mark and Mike's "5/3 or greater" definition of fatty.) Behold:

On one side, creatures that are merely very large and are all upside. Shivan Dragon flies, it has firebreathing, and is 5/5 for six mana, no strings attached. On the other side are the kinds of cards I was talking about two weeks ago – creatures with flavorful drawbacks. If you wanted to harness Force of Nature, it was going to cost you GGGG each turn. Similarly, Lord of the Pit demanded a creature.

The size and stats of the latter two almost hold up, even today. I have seen Mahamoti Djinn played in several tournaments as recently as 2001, and Shivan Dragon rears its head about once a year in a random successful Champs, Regionals, or Nationals deck. The ones with the drawbacks tend to not show up at all.

The Curse of the Djinni

After Alpha, Richard designed Arabian Nights, and the fat creatures of that world were Djinns and Efreets. As Richard was a very top-down designer, he wanted the impulsive, petulant, and hard-to-control genies to all have drawbacks.

Many of the Djinns and Efreets in the set were quite good; the drawbacks were used to allow their mana costs and stats to be at the sweet spots where most of the commonly used "answer" cards wouldn't stop them.

But the use of drawbacks on all of that set's marquee fatties, combined with the drawback cards from Alpha, suggested a pattern that was followed far too much in the coming years: Big creatures required drawbacks to be fair.

The "fatties" from Antiquities (all three of them):

Those cards are not powerful. Big? Sure. Splashy? I suppose. But worth the drawbacks? No. There was a line of thinking prevalent at the time among the designers and developers that big creatures in and of themselves were really, really powerful and had to be kept in check with substantial drawbacks. Although Shivan and Mahamoti were being reprinted in subsequent Core Sets, they were treated as special and no cards like them were made for a long, long time. Let's keep looking.

Here are the fattest non-legendary creatures from Legends:

Six huge guys, none of which had flying, five of which had massive drawbacks. Hats off to the Legends team for making the green one – Craw Giant – have nothing but upside, even if you had to pay an arm and a leg for it. (For being such a groundbreaking card at the time, we immortalized Craw Giant with a slot in the Time Spiral "timeshifted" cards.)

Of course, Legends did allow big creatures to be printed with no drawbacks written in their text boxes; instead they were saddled with ridiculous mana costs and a new flavorful creature type that is actually a drawback in disguise.

The Dark had only one fatty, which speaks for itself:

Fallen Empires had four. The first two had significant drawbacks. The third, Deep Spawn, had a minor drawback that less-experienced players freak out about more than is warranted, making it the closest to drawback-free we've seen outside of green. The last is another all-upside green creature, this time with only three green mana symbols in its cost – a generous step down from Craw Giant's four.

So here we are, many sets in to the game's life, and still nothing close to Mahamoti Djinn or Shivan Dragon. What was going on? Why couldn't Lord of the Pit and Force of Nature have become the exception instead of the rule?

Part of me knows that the developers still believed those cards to be above the acceptable power curve of the time; another part of me speculates that the designers felt that the game already had a Dragon (and an Angel and a Vampire, etc.) so there was no point in designing another one, instead they tried making more "interesting" flavorful cards that all came saddled with drawbacks.

Crawling Toward the Modern Age

Ice Age kicked off our modern three-set-block structure, but did little to advance the cause of the fatty. I know I'm showing off a lot of card images, but the visual is very important here. Check out all of Ice Age's fatties:

Eleven cards, nine with drawbacks. Two green commons that were allowed to just be "big"... and they had manageable mana costs. I like seeing that.

As for the rest, most were actively terrible (Goblin Mutant followed the broken Goblin Lackey into battle now and again, making him the winner of the bunch). I find Sibilant Spirit to be the worst offender of all, as it basically says on it in capital letters: "THIS IS A CRAPPY MAHAMOTI." I remember being extremely disappointed in the card when I opened it in packs 12 years ago, and I still strongly dislike it to this day. That drawback could be interesting on a creature, don't get me wrong, but that creature would have to be massively undercosted, not one colored mana off from a card concurrently seeing print.

Homelands had but one non-legendary fatty, Marjhan, which is somewhere between Leviathan and Deep Spawn on the Crappy Sea Monster scale.

There were a couple of exciting fat black legends in the set – Baron Sengir and Ihsan's Shade – that saw a tremendous amount of play at the time (the Baron in casual, Ihsan in tournaments). But how long would it take for a good non-legendary fatty to exist in a color other than green?

Alliances' non-legendary fatties: (Still no winner.)

Real Fatties? It Must Be a Mirage!

Mirage had its share of typical fatties-with-drawbacks. You can click on Benthic Djinn, Phyrexian Dreadnought, Sunweb, or Sandbar Crocodile if you want verification. The set even had the one green all-upside guy in Crash of Rhinos, which I remember being beloved at the time (even if he is outclassed 100% by Avatar of Might nowadays). But the set had a revolutionary element as well – fatties that weren't green, weren't legendary, and didn't do awful things to you. Check these out:

Sure, they both cost a very "safe" nine mana, but I'll take it! Dragons are back!

I'm going to credit current VP of R&D Bill Rose with helping make this paradigm shift occur. Bill, the lead designer of Mirage, is a huge Dragon fan, Timmy advocate, and proponent of splashy-but-simple cards. Mirage features not only the first non-green, non-legendary, drawback-free fatties, but also a cycle of 4/4 Dragons that also have no drawbacks of any kind attached. The door was open, now how much were they willing to step through it?

One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

When Visions came out in early 1997, it contained a couple more all-upside fatties that players embraced and saw a good amount of play:

But a month later, the Fifth Edition Core Set was released, and Mahamoti Djinn, along with Serra Angel and Sengir Vampire, were missing from the set, pulled because they were "too powerful."

It seems crazy in retrospect, but the designers and developers at the time felt those cards ate up too much design space – they were unwilling to make cards better than them, and didn't think players would like cards worse than them as long as they were in print. So the plan was to pull them then re-draw the power-level lines significantly lower with respect to middle-to-large-sized flying creatures. One of my developers, Erik Lauer, recently pointed out to me just how misguided this tactic was, as they took out the Angel and the Vampire only to replace them with "Pump Knights" – Order of the White Shield and Knight of Stromgald, two of the most efficient two-mana creatures in the game. Blazing speed was okay, but good mid-ranged creatures were somehow taboo.

The crime was compounded in Sixth Edition; none of the fliers taken out in Fifth returned, and Shivan Dragon was also yanked from the Core Set. Madness!

The years of Fifth and Sixth Editions were hit-and-miss when in came to new, good fatties appearing in expansions. Designers understood drawbacks better and made cards like Rathi Dragon, Crater Hellion, and Phyrexian Negator that were still quite good in spite of their negatives. Green got more and more all-upside fatties, like Ancient Silverback, Thorn Elemental, and the famed Verdant Force, and other colors got into the act here and there as well, with cards like Shivan Hellkite, Tidal Kraken, and Avatar of Woe.

But big creatures were not all they could be, even yet. Luckily, the game was about to turn a corner...

Invasion of the Fatties

"Another crusade that I began during Invasion development was to make big creatures actually good enough to play in constructed tournaments. Before I got there, R&D took Serra Angel out of the core set because she was 'above the curve.' Somehow, she rotated out for being too good despite not being good enough for anyone to play with! As deck builders got better and tournament decks got more and more focused, the big creatures that R&D was printing just weren't making the cut any more. To be fair, R&D recognized that they were losing touch with the cutting edge of deck development and that's why the company went to the Pro Tour to start hiring new developers. So when I argued that Kavu Titan really wasn't going to get played at 3 mana for a 2/2 or 6 mana for a 5/5 trampler, they listened. Similarly, when I argued that the Dragons wouldn't break anything if they were 6/6's for 6 mana, they went with that change as well. In the years since then, I think the Standard environment has seen many more large monsters stomping across many more tables and I'm pretty happy about that."

--Randy Buehler, "My First Days"

Randy's hiring at the time Invasion was being developed gave fatties a tremendous shot in the arm. The Invasion block really redefined what big creatures were capable of, and it did so in a way that didn't feel like power creep per se, by doing it on gold cards and/or legendary cards like Rith, the Awakener, Shivan Wurm, and Spiritmonger.

Of course, Seventh Edition came out almost immediately after Invasion, and Randy also had a hand in the grand reinstating of Serra Angel, Mahamoti Djinn, and Shivan Dragon to the game – something we take for granted now.

In the days since Invasion we have been getting better and better at finding the right spots for big creatures to get them into Constructed. Sure, sometimes we'll lean heavily on the "legendary" mechanic to justify power, as with Onslaught's heavy hitters, Akroma, Angel of Wrath, Rorix, and Visara, and all the top Kamigawa creatures like Kokusho, Kodama of the North Tree, and Arashi. Sometimes we'll justify power with "gold" mana costs, as in the case of Angel of Despair, Simic Sky Swallower, and Autochthon Wurm. Written drawbacks, like those on Spectral Force, Calciderm, and Hunted Dragon are still part of our arsenal, although we've gotten way better at balancing them to a razor's edge than our counterparts from a decade ago. Of course, sometimes we just want to make a guy that is all upside all the time, no holds barred, and no strings attached, like Bogardan Hellkite, Plated Slagwurm, or Helldozer.

Case in point: Ravnica block contains nineteen non-legendary creatures with power/toughness of 5/3 or greater and no drawbacks whatsoever – twice as many as the first ten Magic expansions combined. Throw in all the big legends and the cards with manageable drawbacks, like Rumbling Slum, and it's no wonder that most of Flores's and Ferrett's fatties-of-choice are from the most recent several blocks – that's where all the good ones come from.

And we're not done yet. As Devin Low talked about in his article on green fatties, we're constantly reevaluating what we've done and how we can make it better. Magic should be made of many different elements, of which big creatures are only one – but a very important one indeed.

You know you love attacking with Dragons!

Last Week's Polls

Which of the following “Magic only” creature types is your favorite?
Sliver 1895 22.3%
Atog 849 10.0%
Saproling 790 9.3%
Lhurgoyf 790 9.3%
Kavu 748 8.8%
Phelddagrif 530 6.2%
Masticore 431 5.1%
Beeble 384 4.5%
Thrull 315 3.7%
Vedalken 266 3.1%
Nephilim 239 2.8%
Zubera 237 2.8%
Volver 168 2.0%
Spike 163 1.9%
Licid 159 1.9%
Homarid 158 1.9%
Cephalid 157 1.8%
Orgg 106 1.2%
Kithkin 69 0.8%
Ouphe 55 0.6%
Total 8509 100.0%
Which of the following “Magic only” creature types is your LEAST favorite?
Sliver 559 10.6%
Homarid 502 9.6%
Nephilim 466 8.9%
Zubera 449 8.5%
Beeble 442 8.4%
Ouphe 355 6.8%
Orgg 288 5.5%
Phelddagrif 273 5.2%
Atog 247 4.7%
Licid 223 4.2%
Kithkin 216 4.1%
Vedalken 210 4.0%
Volver 209 4.0%
Cephalid 199 3.8%
Saproling 131 2.5%
Thrull 128 2.4%
Kavu 118 2.2%
Spike 91 1.7%
Lhurgoyf 87 1.7%
Masticore 59 1.1%
Total 5252 100.0%


Fascinating... Slivers are the New York Yankees of Magic creatures. Half of you love them, half of you hate them. To me, that's a success – a success we should not revisit all that often, but a success nonetheless. As for Nephilim... not a success.

Latest Latest Developments Articles


June 9, 2017

Changes by, Sam Stoddard

Hello and welcome to another edition of Latest Developments! Today I'm going to talk about several kinds of changes within R&D and how we deal with those. Card Changes From the day ...

Learn More

Latest Developments

June 2, 2017

Things I've Learned by, Sam Stoddard

Hello, and welcome to another edition of Latest Developments! This week is the five-year anniversary of me joining Wizards of the Coast as a contractor on the development team. My officia...

Learn More



Latest Developments Archive

Consult the archives for more articles!

See All